34 Types of Crosses and What They Mean (Video explanation)

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34 Types of Crosses and What They Mean (Video Explanation)

Crosses have been a symbol of Christianity for centuries and are found all over the world. They represent the sacrifice that Jesus made for mankind and remind us of the love and compassion that we should have for each other. There are many different types of crosses, each with its own unique meaning. Here, we will explore 34 types of crosses and what they mean.

1. Latin Cross

The Latin cross is the most common type of cross and is often seen in churches and on graves. It is a simple design consisting of a vertical and horizontal beam. The vertical beam represents the upright aspect of the cross, whereas the horizontal beam represents the earthly plane.

2. Greek Cross

The Greek cross has four equal arms, and the vertical and horizontal beams intersect at the center. It represents the four corners of the earth and the equal importance of the four Gospels. This cross is often associated with the Eastern Orthodox Church.

3. Ankh Cross

The Ankh cross has a unique shape that resembles a cross with a loop at the top. It originated in ancient Egypt and was originally a symbol of life. It later became associated with Christianity and represents eternal life.

4. Celtic Cross

The Celtic cross is a unique design that originated in Ireland. It has a circular ring that surrounds the intersection of the vertical and horizontal beams. The ring represents the eternity of God’s love, while the arms of the cross represent the four directions.

5. Jerusalem Cross

The Jerusalem cross has a large central cross with four smaller crosses around it. It is associated with the crusades and was originally used as a symbol of the kingdom of Jerusalem. It represents the spread of Christianity throughout the world.

6. Maltese Cross

The Maltese cross has four arms that are indented, giving it a unique appearance. It is often used as a symbol of the Knights of Malta and represents Christ’s sacrifice and the virtues of faith, hope, and charity.

7. Russian Orthodox Cross

The Russian Orthodox cross has three beams, with the lower beam slanted. The slanted beam represents the footrest of Christ on the cross. The cross also has a large circle behind it, which represents the glory of Christ’s resurrection.

8. Tau Cross

The Tau cross has a simple design consisting of a vertical beam with a smaller horizontal beam at the top. It is often associated with the Franciscan order and represents their commitment to simplicity and humility.

9. Fleur-de-Lis Cross

The Fleur-de-Lis cross has a unique design that incorporates the Fleur-de-Lis symbol. The Fleur-de-Lis represents the Holy Trinity and the three petals of the lily represent faith, wisdom, and chivalry.

10. Calvary Cross

The Calvary cross has a design that resembles the shape of a crucifix. It has a vertical beam with a shorter horizontal beam at the top. The design represents the hill where Jesus was crucified.

11. Jerusalem Crusader Cross

The Jerusalem Crusader cross has a unique design that features a large central cross with smaller crosses around it. It was used by the Crusaders and represents the ultimate sacrifice made on the cross.

12. Orthodox Cross

The Orthodox cross has a unique design that incorporates three crossbeams. The top beam represents the sign that was posted above Jesus’ head, the second beam represents the arms of the cross, and the bottom beam represents Christ’s footrest.

13. Armenian Cross

The Armenian cross has a unique design that incorporates a slanted stem and three horizontal lines. The design is said to represent the spear that pierced Christ’s side, the nails used in the crucifixion, and the crown of thorns.

14. Budded Cross

The Budded cross has a unique design that features three buds at the end of each arm. The design represents the Holy Trinity and the promise of eternal life.

15. Cross of St. Peter

The Cross of St. Peter has a unique design that incorporates an upside-down cross. It represents St. Peter’s request to be crucified upside down, as he felt unworthy of being crucified in the same manner as Jesus.

16. Anchor Cross

The Anchor cross has a unique design that incorporates an anchor. It represents faith, hope, and stability in times of trouble.

17. Eastern Cross

The Eastern cross has a unique design that incorporates two crossed bars. The top bar represents the sign that was posted above Jesus’ head, and the bottom bar represents Christ’s footrest.

18. Passion Cross

The Passion cross has a unique design that incorporates instruments of the Passion, such as the crown of thorns, spear, and nails. It represents the sacrifice that Jesus made for mankind.

19. Canterbury Cross

The Canterbury cross has a unique design that features four arms that are made up of interwoven knots. It is often associated with the Anglican Church and represents the unity of the four Gospels.

20. Jerusalem Cross with Center Cross

The Jerusalem cross with center cross has a large central cross with four smaller crosses around it. It is associated with the crusades and represents the spread of Christianity throughout the world.

21. Pisan Cross

The Pisan cross has a unique design that features a cross with three levels. The design represents the Holy Trinity and the promise of eternal life.

22. Patriarchal Cross

The Patriarchal cross has a unique design that incorporates two crossbars. The top bar represents the sign that was posted above Jesus’ head, and the bottom bar represents Christ’s footrest.

23. Cross of Lorraine

The Cross of Lorraine has a unique design that incorporates a double-barred cross. It represents the power of faith in the face of adversity.

24. Celtic Knot Cross

The Celtic Knot cross has a unique design that features a Celtic knot in the center. The design represents eternity, as the knot has no beginning or end.

25. Canterbury Cross Pattee

The Canterbury Cross Pattee has a unique design that incorporates four crosses in the corners. It is often used as a symbol of the Anglican Church and represents the four directions of the earth.

26. Jerusalem Cross with Four Tau Crosses

The Jerusalem cross with four Tau crosses has a large central cross with four Tau crosses around it. The design represents the spread of Christianity throughout the world.

27. Cross of Salem

The Cross of Salem has a unique design that incorporates four crosses in the corners. It is often used as a symbol of the Knights Templar and represents the four directions of the earth.

28. Fleury Cross

The Fleury cross has a unique design that features fleur-de-lis symbols on the arms. The design represents the Holy Trinity and the three petals of the lily represent faith, wisdom, and chivalry.

29. Budded Orthodox Cross

The Budded Orthodox Cross has a unique design that features a cross with three buds at the end of each arm. The design represents the Holy Trinity and the promise of eternal life.

30. Iron Cross

The Iron cross has a unique design that features a double-barred cross with a circle in the center. It is often associated with the military and represents bravery and sacrifice.

31. Cross of Triumph

The Cross of Triumph has a unique design that incorporates a crown of thorns and a ribbon. The design represents the victory that Jesus achieved through his sacrifice on the cross.

32. Looped Celtic Cross

The Looped Celtic Cross has a unique design that features a loop at the top. The design represents the eternity of God’s love and the Celtic knots in the cross represent the interconnectedness of all things.

33. Christian Anchor

The Christian Anchor has a unique design that features an anchor with a crossbar at the top. It represents faith, hope, and stability in times of trouble.

34. Infinity Cross

The Infinity Cross has a unique design that features a cross that resembles the infinity symbol. It represents the eternal nature of God’s love and the promise of eternal life.

FAQs

What is the difference between a cross and a crucifix?

A cross is a symbol of Christianity that represents the sacrifice Jesus made for mankind. It typically does not have a representation of Jesus on it. A crucifix, on the other hand, is a cross with a representation of Jesus on it, typically depicting his crucifixion.

What is the significance of the horizontal and vertical beams in the Latin Cross?

The vertical beam represents the upright aspect of the cross, whereas the horizontal beam represents the earthly plane. Together, these two beams represent the unity of heaven and earth.

Why are there so many different types of crosses?

There are many different types of crosses because they have been used as a symbol of Christianity for centuries and have been adapted by various cultures and groups. Each type of cross has its own unique meaning and significance.

What is the meaning of the Ankh Cross?

The Ankh cross originated in ancient Egypt and was originally a symbol of life. It later became associated with Christianity and represents eternal life.

What is the significance of the circular ring in the Celtic Cross?

The circular ring in the Celtic Cross represents the eternity of God’s love, while the arms of the cross represent the four directions.

What is the meaning of the Maltese Cross?

The Maltese cross represents Christ’s sacrifice and the virtues of faith, hope, and charity. It is often used as a symbol of the Knights of Malta.

What is the significance of the slanted beam in the Russian Orthodox Cross?

The slanted beam in the Russian Orthodox Cross represents the footrest of Christ on the cross. The cross also has a large circle behind it, which represents the glory of Christ’s resurrection.

What is the significance of the Fleur-de-Lis symbol in the Fleur-de-Lis Cross?

The Fleur-de-Lis represents the Holy Trinity and the three petals of the lily represent faith, wisdom, and chivalry.

What is the significance of the circular ring in the Budded Cross?

The circular ring in the Budded Cross represents the Holy Trinity and the promise of eternal life.

What is the meaning of the Anchor Cross?

The Anchor cross represents faith, hope, and stability in times of trouble.

What is the meaning of the Cross of Salem?

The Cross of Salem represents the Knights Templar and their mission to protect Christians during the Crusades.

What is the difference between the Jerusalem Cross and the Jerusalem Crusader Cross?

The Jerusalem Cross has a large central cross with four smaller crosses around it, whereas the Jerusalem Crusader Cross has a large central cross with four Tau crosses around it. Both crosses are associated with the crusades and represent the spread of Christianity throughout the world.

What is the significance of the loop at the top of the Looped Celtic Cross?

The loop at the top of the Looped Celtic Cross represents the eternity of God’s love and the interconnectedness of all things.

What is the meaning of the Christian Anchor?

The Christian Anchor represents faith, hope, and stability in times of trouble.

What is the significance of the infinity symbol in the Infinity Cross?

The infinity symbol in the Infinity Cross represents the eternal nature of God’s love and the promise of eternal life.

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About Olivia Moore

Olivia is a writer and Literature major who is interested in studying ancient civilizations, symbolism, history, and how these subjects have shaped modern thought and culture. She has specialized in Greek mythology, a subject that has always stimulated her passion for learning.

In her free time, Olivia enjoys going to the cinema, reading the classics, and playing with her kittens, Rocky and Fluffy. She lives with her husband, David, and their daughter, Samantha, in Aberdeen, Washington State.

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