Symbols of Russia (with Images)

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Symbols of Russia: A Look into the Rich Cultural Heritage of the Motherland

Drawing from a diverse and eclectic history, Russia is famed for its fascinating, intricate and charming symbols that have captivated the imaginations of people from across the globe. From the iconic Matryoshka dolls and the St. Basil’s Cathedral to the vivid scarlet-colored Red Square and the proud symbol of the double-headed eagle, the symbols of Russia are colorful, vibrant and evocative.

In this article, we shall take a deep dive into the symbols of Russia, exploring their origins, meanings, and significance. Let’s explore the rich cultural tapestry of Russia and discover the symbolism unique to it.

Matryoshka Dolls: A Symbol of Family and Fertility

Matryoshka dolls are the quintessential symbol of Russia. These wooden dolls are created in decreasing size one inside the other and are intricately painted by skilled artisans, with each doll exhibiting varying designs and colors.

The creation of Matryoshka dolls is said to have begun in the late 19th century when Sergei Malyutin and Vasily Zvyozdochkin created the first set of these dolls, which depicted a peasant girl with a rooster, symbolizing fertility and motherhood, and were inspired by Nesting dolls from Japan. The dolls became popular in Russia and eventually became a worldwide phenomenon.

Today, Matryoshka dolls are cherished around the world as a testament to the Russian art of doll-making. They are often given as a traditional gift during birthdays, weddings, or baby showers and continue to be a symbol of family, fertility, and motherhood in Russia.

St. Basil’s Cathedral: A Symbol of Russian Orthodoxy and Spiritualism

The iconic St. Basil’s Cathedral, located in the heart of Moscow’s Red Square, is one of the most recognized symbols of Russia. Its colorful onion-shaped domes make it instantly identifiable and captivating.

The cathedral was built in the 16th century by the order of Ivan the Terrible. It was built as a symbol of the Russian people’s unwavering faith in Orthodox Christianity, and the architecture was designed to represent the Heavenly Jerusalem where all Orthodox observances were believed to culminate in the final judgment of the Lord.

The cathedral is renowned for its intricate and colorful frescoes that are a testament to some of the most skilled ancient Russian artists. Today, the cathedral continues to be a symbol of Russian Orthodoxy, spiritualism and is a testament to the architectural brilliance of the country’s craftsmen.

Red Square: A Symbol of Russian Unity and Strength

The Red Square is the most famous landmark of Moscow, adorned with stunning architecture, cultural artifacts, and a rich history dating back to the 14th century.

Its name is derived from the Russian word ‘Krasnyy’, meaning beautiful, while it is often associated with the communist party and Soviet Union. The Red Square is a symbol of unity and strength for the Russians, a symbol of all that the country has been able to endure and overcome.

Red Square symbolizes the gateway to Moscow and is home to many famous monuments and buildings such as the Spasskaya Tower, Lenin’s Mausoleum, and the Kremlin. It remains a symbol of national pride for Russians and a vivid testament of their nation’s history.

Double Headed Eagle: A Symbol of Imperial Power

The double-headed eagle has been a symbol of Imperial Russia and is a representation of the country’s long history and its royal family. It was the official emblem of the Russian Tsars and was also used as the state emblem of the Russian Empire from 1721 to the Russian Republic in 1917.

The eagle symbolizes the two heads separate but united, representing the idea of unity between East and West, as well as the unification of church and state. The eagle has two crowns, one for each head, symbolizing the two different branches of the royal house.

Today, the double-headed eagle continues to be displayed in the Russian coat of arms, the official emblem of the Russian Federation, and is still considered a symbol of state power and unity.

The Faberge Eggs: A Symbol of Elegance and Royalty

Faberge eggs are popular jewels made by the House of Faberge in St. Petersburg, Russia. They were produced in large numbers between 1885 and 1917 and were popular gifts from the Russian emperor to family members.

Each Faberge egg was unique and often encrusted with diamonds, pearls, or other precious stones, and each one had a secret compartment to hold a surprise. They are considered the embodiment of Russian art, and the epitome of luxury.

Today the eggs are considered as priceless jewels and are valued for their stunning beauty, intricate craftsmanship, and historical significance.

Frequently Asked Questions regarding Symbols of Russia

Question 1: What are the main Russian symbols?

Russia has several symbols, including the famous St. Basil’s Cathedral, the Red Square, the double-headed eagle, and more.

Question 2: What is Russia’s national flower?

The Chamomile is Russia’s national flower.

Question 3: What is the symbolic significance of the double-headed eagle?

The double-headed eagle symbolizes the Imperial power of Russia and represents the idea of unity between East and West, as well as the unification of church and state.

Question 4: Are the Matryoshka dolls only specific to Russia?

Matryoshka dolls originated in Russia and have since become a worldwide phenomenon.

Question 5: What does the Red Square symbolize?

The Red Square is a symbol of Russian unity and strength and remains a testament to the country’s history.

Question 6: Is Faberge egg still created today?

No, the House of Faberge no longer produces Faberge eggs.

Question 7: What is the symbolism of Trinity Monastery of St. Sergius?

The Trinity Monastery of St. Sergius is an important spiritual center and a symbol of Russian Orthodoxy and spiritualism.

Question 8: What is the famous painting on the walls of the St. Basil’s Cathedral?

The walls of the St. Basil’s Cathedral are adorned with colorful frescoes, each one depicting biblical stories and saints.

Question 9: What does the color red symbolize in Russian culture?

In Russian culture, the color red symbolizes beauty and vigor.

Question 10: What are Gazprom’s symbols?

Gazpom’s symbol is a blue flame and a green leaf in a circle.

Question 11: What is the symbolism behind the Russian coat of arms?

The Russian coat of arms features the double-headed eagle, which symbolizes the Imperial power of Russia, and the two-headed crown, depicting the unification of church and state.

Question 12: Are there any symbols of Russian literature?

The writer Pushkin is considered the symbol of Russian literature.

Question 13: What is the meaning behind the onion-shaped domes of the St. Basil’s Cathedral?

The onion-shaped domes of the St. Basil’s Cathedral are said to represent flames, symbolizing the eternal flame of Holy Spirit.

Question 14: What is the symbolic significance of scarlet color in Russian culture?

Scarlet color symbolizes strength and power in Russian culture, and it is often associated with the country’s flag.

Question 15: What is the significance of the word “Krasnyy” in the Red Square’s name?

The word “Krasnyy” means beautiful in Russian, but the name Red square is accidentally associated with communism after the 1917 Revolution.

Question 16: What is the symbolism behind the color blue in Russia?

Blue color is a symbol of hope, trust, and sincerity in Russian culture.

Question 17: What is the symbolic significance of the mammoth in Russian culture?

The mammoth is considered to be a symbol of strength, power, and fertility in Russian culture.

Question 18: What is the symbolism behind the name “Russia”?

The name “Russia” is derived from the old East Slavic word “Rus” which means “people who sailed.” It is a symbol of the country’s nautical past and its long history of seafaring.

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About Olivia Moore

Olivia is a writer and Literature major who is interested in studying ancient civilizations, symbolism, history, and how these subjects have shaped modern thought and culture. She has specialized in Greek mythology, a subject that has always stimulated her passion for learning.

In her free time, Olivia enjoys going to the cinema, reading the classics, and playing with her kittens, Rocky and Fluffy. She lives with her husband, David, and their daughter, Samantha, in Aberdeen, Washington State.

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